Amazon says it will be carbon-neutral by 2040. Apple says it will get there by 2030. Microsoft even says it will be carbon-negative by 2030—in other words, the company will start removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and it plans to have removed all its historical carbon emissions by 2050. It is good news for the planet that grand pledges from big companies have become increasingly commonplace. But where do companies that are not globe-spanning multinationals fit in?
As well as being the right thing to do for the planet as a whole, it can deliver immediate advantages. Take energy procurement. A close look at where a company gets its energy from is an opportunity to switch to renewable sources and reduce energy usage. A survey by Deloitte, a consultancy, found that 90% of companies regard energy procurement as “not simply a cost to the company, but an opportunity to reduce risk, improve resilience, and create new value.” Similarly, the process of going carbon-neutral can help companies gain a better understanding of other aspects of their supply chains. There are marketing benefits, too: many customers may prefer a carbon-neutral supplier, given the choice.
But smaller organisations do face a few extra hurdles compared with larger firms when it comes to going carbon-neutral.
For a business or company to become carbon neutral, they must analyze their entire operating system. This includes an analysis of the organization’s supply chain, carbon footprint and methods of reducing it. Strategic sustainability roadmaps allow for proper emission reductions in areas where it is possible. In situations where emissions cannot be completely negated, alternative means of reduction can be utilized via offsets to drive companies towards carbon neutrality.
Ah, yes. Costs. How expensive is all this? “Becoming a net-zero company is much cheaper than you may realise,” says Caitlin Drown of Climate Neutral, another non-profit sustainability group. On average, she says, “it costs about 0.4% of annual revenues to offset a company’s entire carbon footprint.” But offsetting is the last resort. The path to carbon-neutrality starts by measuring and reducing your company’s direct carbon footprint.